cause and effect logical question

In each of the following questions, two statements numbered I and II are given. There may be cause and effect relationship between the two statements. These two statements may be the effect of the same cause or independent causes. These statements may be independent causes without having any relationship. Read both the statements in each question and mark your answer as

  • (A) If statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect;
  • (B) If statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect;
  • (C) If both the statements I and II are independent causes;
  • (D) If both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes; and
  • (E) If both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.
11. Statements:

  1. The Government has imported large quantities of sugar as per trade agreement with other countries.
  2. The prices of sugar in the domestic market have fallen sharply in the recent months.
A. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
B. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
C. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
D. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes
E. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

The increase in supply always triggers a reduction in the prices.


12. Statements:

  1. There is sharp decline in the production of oil seeds this year.
  2. The Government has decided to increase the import quantum of edible oil.
A. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
B. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
C. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
D. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes
E. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

A sharp decline in oilseed production is bound to reduce oil supply and import of oil is the only means to restore the essential supply.


13. Statements:

  1. The private medical colleges have increased the tuition fees in the current year by 200 per cent over the last year’s fees to meet the expenses.
  2. The Government medical colleges have not increased their fees in spite of price escalation.
A. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
B. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
C. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
D. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes
E. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

The increase in the fees of the private colleges and there being no increase in the same in Government colleges seem to be policy matters undertaken by the individual decisive boards at the two levels.


14. Statements:

  1. Large number of people living in the low-lying areas has been evacuated during the last few days to safer places.
  2. The Government has rushed in relief supplies to the people living in the affected areas.
A. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
B. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
C. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
D. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes
E. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

Evacuating low-lying areas and rushing in relief to the affected areas clearly indicates that floods have occurred in the area.


15. Statements:

  1. It is the aim of the city’s civic authority to get the air pollution reduced by 20% in the next two months.
  2. The number of asthma cases in the city is constantly increasing.
A. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
B. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
C. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
D. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes
E. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

The increase in number of asthma cases must have alerted the authorities to take action to control air pollution that triggers the disease.

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