# statement and assumption logical questions

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

(A) If only assumption I is implicit
(B) If only assumption II is implicit
(C) If either I or II is implicit
(D) If neither I nor II is implicit
(E) If both I and II are implicit.

1.

Statement: Many historians have done more harm than good by distorting truth.

Assumptions:

People believe what is reported by the historians.
Historians are seldom expected to depict the truth.

A.     Only assumption I is implicit
B.     Only assumption II is implicit
C.     Either I or II is implicit
D.     Neither I nor II is implicit
E.     Both I and II are implicit

Explanation:

The fact that historians have done harm by distorting truth, means that people believe what is reported by the historians. So, I is implicit. II does not follow from the statement and so is not implicit.
2.

Statement: “As there is a great demand, every person seeking tickets of the programme will be given only five tickets.”

Assumptions:

The organizers are not keen on selling the tickets.
No one is interested in getting more than five tickets.

A.     Only assumption I is implicit
B.     Only assumption II is implicit
C.     Either I or II is implicit
D.     Neither I nor II is implicit
E.     Both I and II are implicit

Explanation:

Clearly, the organisers are adopting this policy not to reduce the sale but to cope up with great demand so that everyone can get the ticket. So, I is not implicit. Also, due to great demand, the maximum number of tickets one person can get has been reduced to five. So, II is also not implicit.
3.

Statement: “Computer education should start at schools itself.”

Assumptions:

Learning computers is easy.
Computer education fetches jobs easily.

A.     Only assumption I is implicit
B.     Only assumption II is implicit
C.     Either I or II is implicit
D.     Neither I nor II is implicit
E.     Both I and II are implicit

Explanation:

Clearly, computer education can be started at the school level only if it is easy. So, I is implicit. In the statement, nothing is mentioned about the link between jobs and computer education. So, II is not implicit.
4.

Statement: If he is intelligent, he will pass the examination.

Assumptions:

To pass, he must be intelligent.
He will pass the examination.

A.     Only assumption I is implicit
B.     Only assumption II is implicit
C.     Either I or II is implicit
D.     Neither I nor II is implicit
E.     Both I and II are implicit

Explanation:

The statement mentions that he will pass if he is intelligent. So, I is implicit. Further, this means that it is not necessary that he will pass. So, II is not implicit.
5.

Statement: Today I must satisfy myself only by looking at a pink headed duck in an encyclopaedia.

Assumptions:

Pink headed ducks are as good as extinct now.
People refer to encyclopaedia to know only about things which do not exist now.

A.     Only assumption I is implicit
B.     Only assumption II is implicit
C.     Either I or II is implicit
D.     Neither I nor II is implicit
E.     Both I and II are implicit