Statements-Conclusions Practice test

1.

Directions: In each of the following questions, a statement is given, followed by two conclusions.

Statement: In a highly centralized power structure, in which even senior cabinet ministers are prepared to reduce themselves to pathetic countries or yesmen airing views that are primarily intended to anticipate or reflect the Prime Minister’s own performances, there can be no place for any consensus that is quite different from real or contrived unanimity of opinion expressed through a well orchestrated endorsement of the leader’s actions.

 

Conclusions:

I. The Ministers play safe by not giving anti government views.

II. The Prime Minister does not encourage his colleagues to render their own views.

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

According to the statement, even senior cabinet Ministers are always ready to conform to the Prime Minister’s views. So I follows. However II contradicts the given statement and so does not follow.

2.

What can be said regarding the following two statements?

Statement 1: Aggressive Ltd.’s lowest revenues are from MP.
Statement 2: Honest Ltd.’s lowest revenues are from Bihar.
Answer: Option C

Explanation:

If statement 1 is true then, Firm B is Aggressive Ltd. This implies that Firm C is Honest Ltd. Firm C’s lowest revenues are from Bihar. Thus, statement 2 is necessarily true. Hence, option 3.

3.

What can be said regarding the following two statements?

Statement 1: Honest Ltd. has the highest share in the UP market.
Statement 2: Aggressive Ltd. has the highest share in the Bihar market.
Answer: Option C

Explanation:

The two statements talk about two firms having the highest shares in the UP and Bihar Markets. Thus both the statements refer to Firm B. From the explanation given in the first question, only one of the two statements can be true at a time.

4.

In each of the following questions two statements are given and these statements are followed by two conclusions numbered (1) and (2). You have to take the given two statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts. Read the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the two given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.

 

Statements: All cows are Rambha.
Some buffaloes are Rambha.
Conclusions: I. All Rambhas are not cows.
II. Some Rambhas are not buffaloes.

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Since the middle term is not distributed even once in the premises, no conclusion follows.

5.

Statements: Some boys are men.

No man is black.

Conclusions: I. Some boys are not black.

II. Some men are boys.

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Since one premise is negative, the conclusion must be negative. So, II does not follow and only I follows.

6.

Statements: Some envelops are gums. Some gums are seals. Some seals are adhesives.

Conclusions:

  1. Some envelopes are seals.
  2. Some gums are adhesives.
  3. Some adhesives are seals.
  4. Some adhesives are gums.
Answer: Option A
7.

Statements: Some questions are answers. Some answers are writers. All the writers are poets.

Conclusions:

  1. Some writers are answers.
  2. Some poets are questions.
  3. All the questions are poets.
  4. 4.Some poets are answers.
Answer: Option B
8.

In the following questions, the symbols @, ?, %, ?, and $ are used with the following meanings illustrated.

‘P % Q’ means ‘P is either greater than or equal to Q’. ‘P ? Q’ means ‘P is neither greater that nor smaller than Q’. ‘P $ Q’ means ‘P is smaller than Q’. ‘P @ Q’ means ‘P is either smaller than or equal to Q’. ‘P ? Q’ means ‘P is greater than Q’.

In each of the following questions assuming the given statements to be true, find out which of the three conclusion I, II and III given below them is/are definitely true and mark your answer accordingly.

Statements: M $ T, T@ K, K ? D
Conclusions: I. D % T
II. K? M
III. D ? M
Answer: Option D
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