Freedom fighters of India : A short note on freedom fighters in India, General knowledge questions and answers on freedom fighter in India.
Vallabhbhai Patel : (Iron man of India)
For his role in the Bardoli Satyagraha, Patel came to be called the Sardar. Sardar Patel was a famous lawyer but gave up his practice in order to fight for the freedom of the country. After independence he became the deputy PM of India and played an important role the integration of India by merging numerous princely states with the Indian Union.
Bal Gangadhar Tilak
Bal Gangadhar Tilak was one of the firebrand freedom fighters of India. He gave the slogan- “Swaraj is my birthright and I shall have it”. To serve the cause of freedom and countrymen Tilak founded schools and published newspapers. Tilak was famous as one of the trios- Bal, Pal and Lal. People loved him and accepted him as their leaders and so he was called Lokmanya Tilak.
Ram Prasad Bismil
Ram Prasad Bismil was one of those young revolutionaries who laid down their life for the sake of the motherland. Bismil was a member of the Hindustan Republican Association and an important member of the group that was involved in the Kakori train dacoity.
The name of Bhagat Singh is synonymous with sacrifice, courage, bravery and vision. By sacrificing his life just at the age of 30 Bhagat Singh became an inspiration and symbol of the heroism. Along with other revolutionaries, Bhagat Singh founded the Hindustan Socialist republican Association. To warn the British government of its misdeeds, Bhagat Singh threw a bomb in the Central Legislative Assembly. By embracing death at an young age Bhagat Singh became a symbol of sacrifice and courage and made a place in the hearts of every Indian for ever.
Khudiram Bose was one of those young revolutionaries and freedom fighters whose deeds of bravery and sacrifice have become the subject of many a folk lore. He was one of those brave men who challenged the British rule in their own style. At the age of nineteen, he became a martyr, with “Vande Mataram” on his lips.
Ashfaqulla Khan was one of the firebrand and young revolutionaries, who laid down their life for the sake of the motherland. An important member of the Hindustan Republican Association, Khan, along with his associates executed the train dacoity at Kakori and was subsequently hanged by the British.
Madam Cama was one of the greatest women freedom fighters of India and promoted the cause of Indian freedom movement outside India. She was the one who first unfurled India’s flag at an international assembly. She discarded the life of luxury and lived an exile- to serve the motherland.
Jatin Banerjee is popularly known as “Bagha Jatin” for his fearlessness and courage. Jatin Banerjee’s name figures among brave freedom fighters of India. His name is a symbol of fearlessness and courage to millions of Indians.
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was an active member of the Indian National congress and a great freedom fighter. Maulana Azad took part in most of the important movements. He presided over the special session of Congress in September 1923 and at 35 years of age, was the youngest man to be elected the President of the Congress.
Gopal Krishna Gokhale
Gopal Krishna Gokhale was one of the moderate leaders of the Indian National Congress. He was the political Guru of Mahatma Gandhi, the father of the nation. He also presided over the annual session of the Congress at Benaras in the year 1905. He was also opposed to the entry of the extremists in the Congress.
Pt Jawaharlal Nehru was one of the important people, who struggled for the freedom of India and became the first prime minister of free India. He was also the author of the famous book “Discovery of India”. J L Nehru was extremely fond of children and was fondly called “Chacha Nehru”. It was under his leadership that India embarked on the planned pattern of economic development.
Subhas Chandra Bose
Known as Netaji (leader), S C Bose was a fierce freedom fighter and a popular leader on the political horizon in pre-independence India. Bose was elected the President of the Indian National Congress in the year 1937 and 1939. He founded the Indian National Army and raised the slogan- “Delhi Chalo” and “Tum Mujhe Khoon Do main Tumhe Ajadi Doonga”. For his anti- British remarks and activities, Bose was jailed 11 times between 1920 and 1941. He was the leader of the youth wing of the Congress Party.
Purushottam Das Tandon
He was also a famous freedom fighter of India who hailed from the state of Uttar Pradesh. He was of the Punjabi Khatri descent. This person is remembered widely for his contribution towards making Hindi as the official language of India. Purushottam Das Tandon was revered as Rajarshi. After getting a Law degree and an MA in history, he started to practice in the year 1906, and joined the bar of Allahabad High Court in the year 1908 as Tej Bahadur Sapru`s junior. In order to concentrate on public activity, he left practicing law in the year 1921.
Dr. Hakim Ajmal Khan
He was one of the renowned freedom fighters of India, famous physician and a well-known educationalist. He founded the Jamia Millia Islamia in Delhi. Dr. Hakim Ajmal Khan studied the Holy Quran and traditional Islamic knowledge, before studying medicine.
Another notable freedom fighter of India was Jayaprakash Narayan. He was famously called JP. He was among the very few modern Indian leaders who worked hard for independence and also participated in Indian politics actively for a long time after India secured independence. He was arrested in the year 1930, and was imprisoned for some weeks since he organized a Salt March being inspired by the earlier actions of Mahatma Gandhi.
Vinayak Damodar Savarkar
Vinayak Damodar Savarkar was a prominent freedom fighter and a Hindu nationalist leader of India. He was also called Veer Savarkar. He was a good writer, poet, orator, a historian, philosopher and also a renowned social worker who dedicated his whole life in fighting for India`s Independence. Savarkar is considered to be a great revolutionary by some whereas some term him as a Machiavellian manipulator and a communalist. First war of Indian Independence Movement: 1857, written by Veer Savarkar was a great inspiration for several freedom fighters.
Bipin Chandra Pal
Bipin Chandra Pal began the Vande Mataram journal. He was among the three Extremist Indian patriots of the Indian National Congress who gave away his life fighting for the Independence of India. The other two of the trilogy were Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Lala Lajpat Rai and together, the three were called Lal-Bal-Pal. Bipin Chandra pal was jailed for six months since he refused to provide evidence against Aurobindo Ghose in the sedition case of Vande Mataram.
From among the numerous freedom fighters, Mahatma Gandhi was the most famous freedom fighter of India who took the lead and ensured a free India on the 15th of August 1947. He was honoured by the Indians by making him the father of the Nation. Gandhiji was born in a Hindu family at Porbandar in the state of Gujarat in 1869. His entire life was devoted to the principles of non-violence, truth and love. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was regarded as the architect of the freedom of India.
Surya Sen was born on 22 March 1894 in Chittagong. He as a revolutionary took part in non cooperation movement. A commemorative stamp was released on him in 1977 by the Government of India. Surya Sen was a teacher by profession. One of his teachers had initiated into revolutionary ideas in the year 1916 when he was studying in the Chittagong College. Thereafter he joined the revolutionary group Anushilan . In 1929, he became the president of the Chittagong district committee of the Indian National Congress.