IBPS and Bank PO Clerical -Verbal Classification Questions and Tips :-
‘Classification’ means to assort the items of a given group on the basis of a certain common quality they possess and then spot the odd one out. Different types of questions that can be asked are as follows :-
(1) Choose the odd word out : In these questions, you are given a group of certain items out of which all except one are similar to one another in some manner. You have to identify the item which does not fit into the given group.
(2) Choose the odd pair out : In these type of questions, you are given certain pairs of words out of which the words in all the pairs except one bear a certain common relationship. You have to decipher the relationship and choose the pair in which the words are differently related than the remaining pairs.
(3) Choose the odd number out : In these type of questions certain numbers are given, out of which all except one are alike in some manner while one is different and this number is to be chosen as the answer.
(4) Choose the odd numeral-pair group : In these type of questions, certain pairs or groups of numbers are given out of which all except one are similar in some manner while one is different. The numbers in these similar pairs may have the same property or may be related to each other according to the same rule. You have to choose the odd pair/group.
IBPS and Bank PO Clerical ANALOGY Questions and Tips
‘Analogy’ means ‘correspondence’. Verbal analogical tests use words, letters and digits and require logical common sense reasoning to solve questions based on these. In these questions, a particular relationship is given and another similar relationship has to be identified from the alternatives provided. These analogical questions test the candidate’s overall knowledge and ability to think concisely and accurately.
Different types of questions that can be asked on Analogy are as follows :-
(1) Completing the analogous pair : In this, two words which are related to each other are given along with a third word. You have to find the relationship between the first two words and choose the word from the given options that bears the same relationship with the third word as the first two words.
(2) Choose the analogous pair : In these type of questions, a pair of words is given, followed by four pairs of words as options. You have to choose the pair in which the words have the same relationship to each other as the words in the given pair.
(3) Three word Analogy : In these types of questions, a group of three inter-related words is given. You have to trace the relationship among these three words and choose another group with similar analogy from the alternatives that are provided.
(1) Number Analogy : Two types of questions are asked on this.
(i) Choosing a similarly related pair as the given number pair on the basis of the relation between the numbers in each pair.
(ii) Choosing a number similar to a group of numbers on the basis of certain common properties they possess.
(5) Alphabet Analogy : In these type of questions, two groups of alphabets related to each other in some way are given. You have to find out his relationship and choose a group of alphabets that is related in the same way to the third group in the question.
Directions (Q.Nos. 1-5) : – Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and hence form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to the group ?
Ans : Radish – Except radish, all others are fruits. Radish is a modified root.
Ans : Universe – All except Universe form part of the Universe.
Ans : Barber – All except barber require raw material to work.
Ans : X-ray – All except X-ray are media instruments.
Ans : Diagonal – All except diagonal are terms associated with circle.
Directions (Q.Nos. 1-11) : – Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and hence form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to the group ?
Ans : VWX – In all the other groups, the first letters is the odd-numbered letter in the English alphabet.
9 10 11 1 2 3 15 16 17 5 6 7
I J K A B C O P Q E F G
22 23 24
V W X
Ans : Tiger – Except tiger, all others are of feminine gender.
Ans : 27 – Except 27, all others are prime numbers.
Ans : Ounce – All except ounce are names of currencies of different countries, while ounce is a unit of weight.
Ans : Banana – All except banana are juicy fruits.
Ans : River – All except river contain stagnant water.
Ans : Brinjal – All except brinjal can be eaten raw.
Ans : Kit – Except kit, the rest all are verbs. Kit is a noun.
Ans : Hold – Other words when read backwards give meaningful words.
Ans : SVZ
C → F → I
U → X → A
R → U → X
L → O → R
S → V → Z
Therefore, ‘SVZ’ does not belong to the group.
Ans : 74 – Except 74, all other numbers are completely divisible by 3.
Directions (Q.Nos. 12-16) : – The following questions consist of two words that have a certain relationship with each other, followed by five pairs of words. Select the pair that has the same relationship as the original pair of words.
12. Escape : Abscond
(1) Endless : Eternal
(2) Flee : Surrender
(3) Exult : Jubilate
(4) Escalate : Weaken
(5) Confront : Submit
Ans : Endless : Eternal – Escape and abscond are nearly similar in meaning like endless and eternal.
13. Host : Hospitable
(1) Artist : Imitative
(2) Guest : Rude
(3) Humanitarian : Altruistic
(4) Idealist : Cynical
(5) Pollyanna : Pessimistic
Ans : Humanitarian : Altruistic – As a host is supposed to be hospitable, in the same way, a humanitarian is expected to be altruistic.
14. Editor : Magazine
(1) Director : Film
(2) Novel : Writer
(3) Psychiatrist : Neurotic
(4) Librarian : Library
(5) Poem : Poet
Ans : Director : Film – Like all actions of a magazine are interpreted by the editor, in the same way, all the actions of a film are interpreted by the director.
15. Pain : Misery
(1) Disease : poverty
(2) Despair : loneliness
(3) Ignorance : confusion
(4) Superstition : peasants
(5) Ignore : greet
Ans : Ignorance : Confusion – Pain causes misery and ignorance causes confusion.
16. ABD : EJL
(1) GFH : IPR
(2) IPR : URT
(3) IPR : OTY
(4) IPR : ORT
(5) GHI : PRT
Ans : IPR : ORT – This is a vowel-consonant based relationship. In the question pair, the first letters of each term are ‘A’ and ‘E’ which are first two vowels (AEIOU). In the same manner, the first term of the answer pair will begin with ‘I’ and the second term of the answer pair will begin with ‘O’. In the question pair, we have ABD i.e. the third letter in first term is obtained by skipping ‘C’. In the second term, ‘EJL’, ‘L’ is obtained by skipping ‘K’. So, the answer is (4) IPR : ORT.