essential part logical reasoning questions

Directions to Solve

Each question has an underlined word followed by four answer choices. You will choose the word that is a necessary part of the underlined word.
1.

harvest
A.     autumn    B.     stockpile
C.     tractor    D.     crop
Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

To harvest something, one must have a crop, which is the essential element for this item. Autumn (choice a) is not the only time crops are harvested. There may not be enough of a crop to stockpile (choice b), and you can harvest crops without a tractor (choice c).
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2.

desert
A.     cactus    B.     arid
C.     oasis    D.     flat
Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

A desert is an arid tract of land. Not all deserts are flat (choice d). Not all deserts have cacti or oases (choices a and c).
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3.

book
A.     fiction    B.     pages
C.     pictures    D.     learning
Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

The necessary part of a book is its pages; there is no book without pages. Not all books are fiction (choice a), and not all books have pictures (choice c). Learning (choice d) may or may not take place with a book
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4.

language
A.     tongue    B.     slang
C.     writing    D.     words
Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Words are a necessary part of language. Slang is not necessary to language (choice b). Not all languages are written (choice c). Not all languages are spoken (choice a).
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5.

school
A.     student    B.     report card
C.     test    D.     learning
Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Without students, a school cannot exist; therefore, students are the essential part of schools. The other choices may be related, but they are not essential.

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